I am convinced, and for that reason, it will be an extremely powerful force of unification in a time when global collaboration will grow more important. The Age of Empire. However, perhaps even more important I would like it to provide students with a better understanding of their place within the big world. The transformation of the political system in Europe in the wake of the French Revolution did not bring an end to the empires of Europe all over the world. In fact, it was the reverse.

Learning History How Do We Tell if Something Really Was Happened? The countries in Northern as well as Western Europe benefited tremendously from the Industrial Revolution and were able to make use of steam vessels and railroads as tools to extend their empires further into the interiors Asia, Africa and the Americas. As an undergraduate, you might be wondering how you can find out what really happened during the time of your study. Armed with modern technology, England was able achieve impressive military victories over powerful India and China and China, which was not previously accomplished by an European power. What can we say with any certainty regarding whether historical people exist, or the actuality of historical events? France, Germany and even small powerhouses like Belgium could forge themselves as colonies (largely within Africa) by using modern weaponry and technology. In a world in which there are numerous challenges to the historical truth and account How do pupils (and teachers) be confident about events that took place that they weren’t present to experience firsthand?

A Political Cartoon showing British imperialist Cecil Rhodes standing atop Africa using the Telegraph cable. The positive side is the fact that historians as a group composed of specialists, has worked for centuries to create an understanding of what actually happened during the time of. The empire of England was approximately a quarter of globe.

When we created the World Civilizations I course that was launched in the Spring of this year we discovered that there’s an enormous amount of work involved in understanding and explaining the evidence historians use when deciding on the historical events and individuals. Domestically, the industry of England had transformed into the ‘workshop for the world’ and produced unimaginable quantities of textiles as well as other goods that were made that it could export to its colonies. How do historians decide what Really happened?

As England was the world’s unrivaled power during the 19th and early twentieth centuries other industrial powers in Europe were growing also. Historical researchers rely on a variety of types of evidence to prove the existence of individuals or places and even things that happened in the past. Germany was one of them, and despite having several overseas colonies, was one of Europe’s largest economies and soon became one of Europe’s most powerful militaries.

The most effective type of evidence is the primary one, that is, presented as tangible evidence or items. An Generation of Crisis. Physical evidence could be documents or photographs. From 1914 until 1945 Europe went through two world wars, as well as general depression.

Historical historians also look at objects which can be tracked with a certain certainty to a particular person or location. These combined, could be considered to be a lengthy period of general crises. These could include diaries, buildings or writings in literary form. In the early days of the First World War (1914 – 1918) the top nations of Europe were caught in an alliance web and nationalist interests that were competing. Another kind of evidence is referred to as secondary, that is evidence that doesn’t originate directly from a particular person or location. In the first half of the 20th century, almost all major military powers in Europe had concluded defensive treaties with a number of allies. Secondary sources offer details about these individuals and locations, including quotations from, references to or discussions on these sources.

This arrangement ensured that a war declared on one country would draw many of the allied powers into the war. This kind of evidence from the past is the best source of information about individuals, places, and events that occurred prior to the advent of photography. Therefore, it was likely that even a minor war between two lesser powers would develop into a multi-national conflict. In the case of these types of sources, reliable historians require certain criteria to be fulfilled before they can say the certainty that a location or person existed, and that an incident occurred.

The assassination of Archduke of Austria-Hungary in the summer of 1914 served as an ember that led the rival power that were Russia as well as Austria-Hungary into conflict. Below is an overview of the things historians are looking for in relation to this type of indirect and written evidence: Germany, England, France as well as a variety of other countries accepted their treaties of alliance and jumped into the fray. They would prefer access to a variety of written sources. In the next few days, everything in Europe was caught in conflict in the open. They would prefer those sources to be created as close as is possible to the time the person lived or the incident occurred. World War I is often thought of as the first massive industrial war.

They favor sources that are comprehensive in their scope, and provide long descriptions and details about an event, place, or a person’s life. Indeed, the use tanks, machine guns as well as chemical gas made one of the deadliest wars in history. They prefer sources that are not interested in the subject matter or do not have a clear personal stake or interest in relating it. The expansion of war into the Atlantic eventually pressed the United States into joining the War on the side of the Russian-British-French alliance in 1917. They search for sources that confirm or are confirmed by other sources. A landing by French forces at the end of World War I. What is the way Historians Handle Prehistory? The loss of Germany and her allies during the First World War in 1918 caused, in part, to both general economic decline as well as the Second World War (1939 – 1945).

Prehistory is the study of the people, places and events that were in existence before the advent of written records. Germany was hit with heavy war reparations and was taken away from the military. This began around the year 5000 BCE. Through the 1930s, Germany was committed to a totalitarian and militant government system in the hope of reclaiming its previous standing as an important military and industrial strength in Europe. Without written records or texts what can we learn about what the people and locations were like, and what factors now have shaped their history?

Italy is the one of Nazi Germany’s close allies was also on the same path of the rule of a fascist regime. A large portion of what we know about the development of prehistoric humans is based on archeologists’ work. Expansion that was too aggressive on the portion of Nazi Germany and Japan caused an Second World War. They can accumulate an abundance of physical evidence through digging up old sites. In 1945 each Germany and Japan were defeated by an all-allied coalition of nations, including Russia, Britain and the US, Britain, and Russia.

Based on this evidence, as artifacts and fossils, archeologists are able to draw logical conclusions about the early communities and those who belonged to them. Stalin and Churchill during peace talks toward the conclusion of World War II. In determining dates for fossils from the past and artifacts, archeologists employ both stratigraphic and carbon dating. Cold War Cold War. Stratigraphic dating is utilized for fossils, structures and artifacts that were buried.

Much of the post-World Wars II period of Europe is dominated by political machinations during the Cold War. Archeologists can determine the date of their discovery by determining the time of the rock layer that fossils and artifacts have been buried.

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